July Jobs Numbers Make Case for Improving Apprenticeship Programs

By Tom Allison

While the national unemployment rate remained at 4.9 percent in July, the rate for young adults ages 18-to-34 rose slightly to 6.9 percent (seasonably adjusted) from 6.8 percent in June. Notably, sectors with high prevalence of apprenticeships saw significant job growth. Those sectors include:

  • The construction industry added 14,000 new jobs in July, including 9,400 specialty trade contracting jobs.
  • Nearly 50,000 new jobs were created in health care and social assistance, including 17,000 new hospital jobs and over 5,000 in social assistance.
  • There were also 11,000 new jobs in durable good manufacturing (all estimates seasonably adjusted).

Among the other unadjusted unemployment estimates, we see that young people of color continue to struggle to find a job despite the fact that our national unemployment rate has fallen by more than half since the depths of the recession:

  • Young Latinos: 7.5 percent
  • Young Asian or Pacific Islanders: 6.0 percent
  • Young African Americans 12.2 percent

jobs july


Last week’s jobs report coincides with Young Invincibles’ release of a new report on apprenticeships, debunking myths about the program and making suggestions for improving the system. The job growth in sectors key for apprenticeships reinforces our recommendations to improve our apprenticeship system. Conducted in the Chicagoland area where young people face some of the highest unemployment rates in the nation, the study highlights three key misconceptions that Millennials hold about apprenticeships: that apprenticeship programs don’t currently exist in their communities, that apprenticeships don’t pay, and that participating in an apprenticeship means never receiving a college degree.

Based on these misconceptions about apprenticeships, as well as stated job preferences among Millennials, we advance six recommendations for building and branding youth-friendly apprenticeship programs.

When it comes to program structure, we recommend expanding pre-apprenticeship and job shadowing opportunities, creating more apprenticeships that provide the option to receive college credentials, and starting apprentices in cohorts. On the marketing side, we suggest being more explicit about wages, building innovative social media marketing strategies, and using near-peers as ambassadors.  Doing so will both build a broader base of Millennial support for these programs and ensure that those opportunities fit the needs of today’s young people.

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Young Invincibles Releases New Report on Racial Inequality in Education, and Its Impact on Job Prospects and Wages


June 25, 2014


Sarah Lovenheim, sarah.lovenheim@younginvincibles.org 202–734-6529
Colin Seeberger, colin.seeberger@younginvincibles.org 214-223-2913


Washington, D.C. – This morning, Young Invincibles released a new report, titled Closing the Race Gap, that takes an unprecedented look at the driving forces behind racial disparities in the job market.

The report finds that young African Americans need two more levels of education than their young white counterparts to have the same chance at employment. For example, young African American adults need to earn an associate’s degree to have the same job prospects as young white adults with just a high school degree. The report also details a series of policy recommendations that Congress should consider as it prepares to reauthorize the Higher Education Act.

Rory O’Sullivan, deputy director of Young Invincibles, said, “We were startled to see just how much more education young African Americans must get in order to have the same chance at landing a job as their white peers. On the other hand, young African Americans receive greater gains in job prospects for each level of education they complete, making it clear that we can reduce racial disparities by increasing access to education for everyone.”

Here’s a chart detailing just how wide the employment gap is for African American young males, compared to white young males, at every level of education.


Please be in touch with any questions.
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